Remote Sensing by Lunar Mission
The Moon provides an excellent opportunity to study the uninterrupted solar-terrestrial processes and serves as a unique laboratory for understanding the evolution of terrestrial planets. Its airless surface has recorded the 4.6 billion years of history of the solar system in its purest form. The Moon has constantly been observed utilizing various remote sensors from Earth-based
telescopes to highly sophisticated spacecrafts and advanced sensors. The past few decades of remote sensing aided by in-situ exploration of the lunar surface revealed by Apollo and Luna era provided critical inputs to characterize lunar surface and understand its evolution. These missions dramatically enhanced our understanding about the character and evolution of the solar system. With the advancement in techniques, the importance of high-resolution data is in demand in present day planetary sciences. The extracted information have helped not only in identification of various surface morphological and structural features but also in delineating surface topography, mapping surface composition and deriving reliable age estimates with much better resolution. Recently, high-resolution spaceborne imaging spectrometry in the visible and the near infrared has also contributed significantly to our current understanding of the geological, physical and chemical processes occurring over the planetary surfaces. Prior to Chandrayaan-1, laboratory based study of returned samples along with data analysis from various remote exploration missions have provided substantial knowledge regarding the formation and subsequent chemical and geological
evolution of the Moon. However, some of the key questions of lunar science related with its surface evolution, radiation environment, permanently shadowed regions near the poles and presence of water/ice were yet to be understood fully.
Chandrayaan-1 launched in October 2008, provided significant data in this regard with many new discoveries and findings. Pertinently, the success of Chandrayaan-1 orbiter mission provided a large impetus to implement the second approved Indian mission to the Moon, Chandrayaan-2, with an originally Orbiter-Lander-Rover configuration. Its enhanced capabilities will enable better understanding of the origin and evolution of the Moon. The proposed workshop is envisaged to showcase the process, methods and salient findings of recent lunar missions with the main emphasis on Chandrayan-1.
Course updates and other details will be available on